Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.
|Quinidine||Administered as quinidine sulfate via nasogastric intubation or quinidine gluconate administered IV. Treatment with quinidine sulfate is associated with a 70 to 89% success rate in horses with AF.|
|Digoxin||Administered concurrently with quinidine sulfate|
|Transvenous electrical cardioversion (TVEC)||Reported to have a 94-99% success rate|
|No treatment||Some horses may not require any treatment.|