Bog spavin

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Bog Spavin

Serous Tarsitis

Bog spavin is more of a clinical sign that something is wrong, rather than an diagnosed condition. It is a soft, fluid-filled swelling on the horse's tibiotarsal or tarsocrural joint in the hock. It appears at the front towards the inside and on the outside just below and infront of the point of the hock. It may appear on one or both hind legs. Horses with bog spavin may or may not be lame.

The swelling is caused by inflammation of the joint lining, which results in an increase in the fluid inside the joint. Bog spavin is often confused with bone spavin and throughpin. The difference between bog spavin and bone spavin is that with bone spavin, it is a firm swelling which appears in the lower joints of the hock and is caused by osteoarthritis. In the case of thoroughpin, the swelling occurs at the back of the horse's hind leg, just above the point-of-hock.

Bog spavin can develop in horses due to conformation (Horses with post legs, sickle hocks, and straight hock conformation predisposes them to developing bog spavin), osteoarthritis, osteochondrosis (OCD), infection, certain vitamin/mineral deficiencies, or trauma. The most common vitamin/mineral deficiencies associated with the development of bog spavin are vitamin A, vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus.

Treatment for Bog Spavin


Treatment of bog spavin depends on the underlying cause. Not all horses with bog spavin require treatment.

Symptoms

Soft, fluid-filled swelling on the inside and front of the hock

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Physical exam
  • Lameness exam (w/ nerve blocks)
  • Radiographs
  • Ultrasound
  • Bone scan
  • Arthroscopy

Support

Therapies

TherapiesDetails
No treatment may be needed in many cases.
Stall restRest and anti-inflammatories (orally administered and topical gels) may be beneficial for when it first appears.
ArthroscopySurgery to remove areas of damaged or free standing cartilage or bone (if the cause is related to a chip fracture or osteochondrosis (OCD))
If excessive fluid is presentDrainage of the excess joint fluid may be needed followed by a hyaluronic acid and/or steroid anti-inflammatory injected into the joint. After the procedure, some stall rest is often indicated for 2-3 weeks following, with support bandaging to help prevent the joint from re-filling. This procedure may need to be repeated.
Supplemental vitamins/mineralsIf caused by vitamin or mineral deficiencies, these should be corrected.

Prevention

Prognosis

Usually good, depending on the cause.

Scientific Research

General Overviews

  • bog spavin icon

Risk Factors

  • Conformation : Horses with post legs, sickle hocks, and straight hock conformation predisposes them to developing bog spavin.
  • History of recent trauma or stall rest.
  • Working horses on hard surfaces.

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