Heart Failure

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Heart Failure

Heart failure (HF) is a clinical syndrome which occurs when the heart can no longer pump sufficiently to maintain blood flow to meet the needs of the body. It occurs more commonly in older horses, but can also occur in younger horses with a heart problem or congenital disorder. The signs associated with heart failure vary depending on its stage and cause.

Symptoms

Exercise intolerance, poor performance
Delayed recovery after exercise
Weight loss
Loss of body condition
Breathing difficulties
Nasal discharge
Weak pulse
Increased heart rate
Cough
Abnormal lung sounds
Jugular venous pulsation
Abdominal swelling

Diagnosis

  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam

Treatment


TreatmentDetails
Furosemide
Digoxin
Dopamine, dobutamine
Intranasal oxygen
Antiarrhythmics
Acepromazine
Vasodilators
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Bio-Cardio
Euthanasia

Prognosis

Guarded to poor.

Scientific Research References

Good Overviews