Leukemia

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Leukemia

Leukemias are a type of myeloproliferative disorder that is considered a rare occurrence in horses. They are characterized by the presence of neoplastic haemopoietic cells in the circulation, and can occur in acute or chronic form.

Acute leukemia occurs when there is neoplastic transformation of stem cells or early precursors and a subsequent release of poorly differentiated neoplastic cells into the circulation. Chronic leukemia occurs with neoplastic transformation of late precursors and release of mature differentiated cells. Leukemias are categorized as lymphoid or myeloid depending on their cellular origin.

Symptoms

Ventral edema
Weight loss
Depression
Pale mucous membranes
Weakness
Enlarged lymph nodes
Anemia

Diagnosis

  • Clinical signs
  • Laboratory tests
  • Bone marrow examination

Treatment


Cytosine arabinoside

Scientific Research References

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