Glaucoma

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions that lead to damage to the optic nerve. It is an insidious and painful disease that often results in blindness in the affected eye. Glaucoma can be congenital, primary or secondary.

Secondary form is the most common type in horses. It is caused by concurrent intraocular diseases such as chronic uveitis, intraocular neoplasia, or retinal detachment.

Symptoms

Impaired vision
Cloudy eye
Small white streaks within the cornea
Dyscoria (abnormally shaped pupil)
Squinting
Enlarged globe
Redness
Increased discharge
Vision loss
Corneal edema

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Tonometry

Treatment

TherapiesDetails
Topical or systemic steroids or NSAIDs
Topical glaucoma drops
Combination therapy of timolol maleate and dorzolamide
Topical prostaglandin analogs
Surgery

Prognosis

Guarded

Scientific Research

General Overviews

Clinical Trials

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Age Range

Glaucoma more frequently occurs secondary to uveitis with Appaloosas and older horses over 15 years of age more at risk.

Commonly Affected Breeds

Appaloosa icon