Pedal osteitis

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Pedal Osteitis

Pedal osteitis is inflammation of the pedal bone. It is a reaction of the bone in response to a primary insult, such as that caused by horses with a history of laminitis, keratomas, surgical implants, chronic subsolar bruising or abscesses, penetrating injuries to the foot with or without infection and septic pododermatitis. Pedal osteitis is often found in horses with abnormalities of foot shape, particularly long toe-low heel foot shape, and flat, thin soles, as it can add to the concussive forces on the sole and pedal bone.

The goals of treatment for horses with pedal osteitis are aimed at resolving the primary problem, and preventing further pressure and concussion on the sole.

Symptoms

Lameness
Increased warmth in hoof
Shortened stride
History of chronic subsolar abscesses
History of sole bruising
Pain upon application of hoof testers

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Radiographs - Taken of the foot, showing a roughened, irregular border on the outer edges of the pedal bone.

Treatment


TreatmentDetails
NSAIDs
Shoeing to increase sole depth and avoid sole pressure, use of rim pads or soft pour-in pads to reduce concussion.
Surgery

Prevention

  • Correct any hoof abnormalities
  • Protect thin soles with the use of pads in shoes

Prognosis

Guarded. It depends on the severity of the condition.

Scientific Research References

Good Overviews