Persimmon phytobezoar

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Persimmon Phytobezoar

Enteric Persimmon Phytobezoars, Gastric Persimmon Phytobezoars, Diospyrobezoars

Persimmons are a type of edible fruit which come from Diospyros trees.
Unripened persimmons are not easily digested by horses, and if ingested, can polymerize and form a gluey coagulum referred to as a phytobezoar. Phytobezoars are usually very hard and can cause a blockage in the intestines, causing a horse to colic.

Horses have also been known to like the taste for persimmons, causing them to consume large quantities, if they have access to a persimmon tree in their pasture. The fruit hangs on the branches long into the winter, which can increase the risk of a horse ingesting them, since available pasture may be more scarce in the colder months.

Symptoms

Acute or recurrent colic
Weight loss
Loss of appetite
Diarrhea
Intermittent lethargy

Diagnosis

  • History of ingestion of persimmons
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Gastroscopy

Treatment

TherapiesDetails
Oral or nasogastric administration of cola or diet Coca Cola
IV administration of fluids
Antimicrobials
NSAIDs
Gastric acid suppressants
Dietary modification to a pelleted feed
Cellulase
Mineral oil
Surgery
Intrapersimmon phytobezoar injections with acetylcysteine

Prevention

Prognosis

Can be fatal without prompt, medical intervention by your veterinarian.

Scientific Research

General Overviews

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Risk Factors

  • Persimmon Trees Present In Or Near Horse Pastures

Seasonality

WinterSpringSummerAutumn