Suspensory ligament branch desmitis

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Suspensory Ligament Branch Desmitis

Suspensory ligament branch desmitis is a specific type of injury to the horse's suspensory ligament which involves damage to medial and/or lateral branch region, occurring in the forelimbs or hind limbs. Typically only a single branch in a single limb is affected, however both can be affected, especially in the hindlimbs.
Injures to the suspensory ligament branches frequently occur as an acute incident consequent to abnormal overloading. In most instances, there is an underlying condition that is causing repetitive stress and weakening of the tissues before development of lameness.

The treatment prescribed by your veterinarian will depend on the function of the horse, severity of the injury, clinical signs, and history of the horse. Suspensory ligament branch injuries have a high rate of recurrence and often become chronic, and they are frequently accompanied by osteoarthritis of the fetlock joint (osslets), which itself can become performance limiting in many sport horses.

Symptoms

Heat, pain and swelling on palpation
Intermittent or transient mild to moderate lameness

Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Physical exam
  • Lameness exam
  • Ultrasonography
  • Nuclear scintigraphy
  • Thermography
  • Radiographs
  • MRI

Treatment


TreatmentDetails
Extended stall rest and controlled exercise
Therapies to reduce swelling
Shoeing changesprovision of caudal heel support, change in shoe material or design.
Shockwave therapy14% to 50% increase in prognosis.
Stem cell therapy

Prevention

  • Gradual increase in training
  • Warm up with at least fifteen minutes of walking prior to faster work.
  • Include crosstraining in ridden exercise program to prevent repetition and use of same maneuvers and allow for microdamage repair to the SL.

Prognosis

80% likelihood for horses with forelimb injury to return to exercise and 14% for hindlimb lameness with conservative treatment.

Scientific Research References

Good Overviews

  • tendon injury icon

Risk Factors

  • Faulty conformation
  • Imbalanced feet