Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) consists of several serotypes of single-stranded negative-sense, enveloped RNA viruses. VSV's are of the Rhabdoviridae family, and Vesiculovirus genus. VSVs are considered arboviruses because they primarily use insect vectors for transmission of the virus between hosts. Outbreaks typically start in the late spring or early summer and continue through late fall.
VSVs can be inactivated using 4% sodium hydroxide, 2% sodium carbonate, chlorine dioxide or 2% iodophor.