Family:
Solanaceae
Toxins:
tropane alkaloids saponins cardiac glycosides nitrates
Flower Color:
  • flower color
  • flower color
Found:
roadsides, fields, wasteareas, haybales

Time of Greatest Risk

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Geographical Distribution

Jimsonweed distribution - United States

Related Species

Jimsonweed

Datura stramonium

Thornapple, Stechapfel, Mad-apple, Stinkwort, Thorn Apple Mad Apple, Stink Weed, Sacred Datura, Green Dragon
10/ 10
Jimsonweed (Datura stramonium) is a tall shrub with hanging, trumpet-shaped flowers that is a member of the Solanaceae family. Jimsonweed has a large root and taproot system, with a green or purple hairless, erect, and branching stem. It has football to egg shaped, hairless or semi-hairless leaves which have wavy-toothed to wavy-lobed edges. Showy, white or purple, trumpet-shaped flowers bloom June through September. Egg-shaped spiny pod fruits stand erect from the forks of its branches, which contain tiny brown to black seeds.

Jimsonweed Toxic Components


All parts of D. stramonium contains tropane alkaloids, tannins, saponins and cardiac glycosides. There are 64 different types of tropane alkaloids, however the ones of main concern are atropine and scopolamine.
Horses generally will avoid eating D. stramonium, due to its unpleasant odor, unless no other forage is available or its mixed in with the hay. The range of toxicity is highly variable and unpredictable; toxicity may vary from leaf to leaf, plant to plant and season to season. The highest concentration occurs in D. stramonium seeds: approximately 0.1 mg of atropine per seed or 3-6 mg/50-100 seeds.

Symptoms

  • Restlessness
  • Dilated Pupils
  • Frequent Urination
  • Twitching
  • Depression
  • Increased Heart Rate
  • Respiratory Distress
  • Incoordination
  • Diarrhea
  • Lowered Body Temperature
  • Convulsions

Control

MECHANICAL CONTROL: hand-pulling while wearing gloves. Seedlings are readily killed by tillage. However, older plants may regenerate from lower nodes that are clipped or trampled. Hoe before weeds exceed 1/4 inch in height. Fire is effective on small jimsonweed.

CHEMICAL CONTROL: Several herbicides are effective.

References