Family:
Caryophyllaceae
Toxins:
saponins irritants
Flower Color:
  • flower color
  • flower color
Type:
herb
Found:
fields, gardens, ornamental

Time of Greatest Risk

JFMAMJJASOND

Geographical Distribution

Baby's breath distribution - United States

Baby's Breath

Gypsophila paniculata

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Baby's breath (Gypsophila paniculata)is a perennial herb which is commonly used as an ornamental in flower arrangements and bouquets. It produces many tiny white flowers from late June to late August. G. paniculata can produce 10,000 or more seeds, which are spread when the branches dry, break off and are moved in the wind similar to Russian thistle and kochia (Kochia scoparia). It has a deep taproot which allows it to withstand drought and poor soil conditions; this also makes the plant difficult to remove once its established.

Toxic components
G. paniculata is a contact-dermatitis causing plant that can irritate horses' skin and cause a painful contact dermatitis.

Symptoms

  • Contact Dermatitis

Control

PHYSICAL CONTROL: Hand pulling mature baby's breath plants is extremely difficult. The shoot system of the plant must be severed below the thickened crown and rhizome of the plant. This may require digging to a depth of 6 inches to one foot. Regrowth is usually rare if the complete crown is removed. Older plants tolerate mowing or light grazing by cattle. Applying heavy grazing pressure may reduce seed production, but may also increase susceptibility to invasion by other weedy species.

CHEMICAL CONTROL: growth regulators include 2,4-D, Aminopyralid + metsulfuron, and Dicamba. aromatic amino acid inhibitors include glyphosate, branched-chain amino acid inhibitors include Chlorsulfuron, imazapic, and Metsulfuron

References