Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens
) is a small tree often used as a hedge for ornamental purposes and landscaping. It is a rounded to broad-rounded broadleaf evergreen shrub or small tree that is native to southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia, but is found worldwide.
- Shape: Rounded
- Type: Evergreen foliage
- Height: 15 to 20 ft
- Leaves: Dark green; glossy; ovate to elliptic shaped; alternately along the stems, with entire margins.
- Flowers: Inconspicuous, clusters of small, pale yellow flowers that bloom in spring.
- Fruit: Pale green to brown fruit capsules in the summer; appear in clusters. Fruits ripen from August to September and contain glossy black seeds.
- Bark: Light green or light gray; blocky or smooth
- Root: Dense, cordate root system that grows both deep and wide.
All parts of boxwood is poisonous, but especially the bark and leaves. The plant contains triterpenoidal alkaloids. As little as 1.5 lb of green leaves can be lethal to an average size adult horse.