also known as climbing lily, is a semi-woody perennial climbing herb. It produces bright crimson and yellow flowers. The flowers have finger-like petals and lance-shaped leaves tipped with tendrils. G. superba
is native to tropical and southern Africa and temperate and tropical Asia. It was introduced to Australia and the United States as a cultivated ornamental.
All parts of G. superba
are toxic to horses if ingested. It contains toxic alkaloids colchicine and gloriosine. Initial symptoms develop within two to six hours after ingestion. In addition to colchicine and gloriosine, G. superba
also contains other compounds such as 3-desmethyl colchicine,beta-lumicolchicine, N-Formyldesacetyl-colchicine, 2-desmethyl colchicine, chelidonic acid and salicylic acid. Different parts of the plant has a wide variety of uses especially within traditional medicine practiced in Africa and Asia.