saponins alkaloids glycosides
Flower Color:
  • flower color
  • flower color
hedges, woodlands, thickets, waterside, ornamental

Time of Greatest Risk


Geographical Distribution

Red buckeye distribution - United States

Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia

Firecracker Plant, Scarlet Buckeye, Woolly Buckeye
7/ 10
Red buckeye (Aesculus pavia) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree that is often planted as an ornamental in parks and yards. Red Buckeye is found frequently in well-drained woods and thickets throughout the United States.
It is native to the southern and eastern parts of the United States, found from Illinois to Virginia in the north and from Texas to Florida in the south. A. pavia produces large clusters of attractive dark red to orange colored tubular flowers in the spring. A. pavia loses its leaves early, usually by late September.

Toxic components
A. pavia fruits contain large amounts of saponins, alkaloids, and glycosides, which are toxic to horses if ingested. It's seeds are also poisonous, and are found encased in smooth, light brown, circular seed capsules that ripen in the fall.

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